David Carson School of Motoring

Garry Drive



Tel: 07815 964959

email : dcdriving@gmail.com


Driving lessons in Paisley and Glasgow


Approaching a minor road from a major road to turn left

Remember the first thing to do is check your centre and left mirror and signal your intention to turn

We must then adjust our speed.  How fast we approach the junction depends on how much we can see into the minor road.  Normally 2nd gear is ok but for narrow side roads, sharp corner or poor visibility, 1st may be a better choice.  Remember we must be going slow enough to change the gear and finish braking before we turn.  We also need to make sure that the road we are turning into is safe and for us to do so.  Any traffic on this road has priority, even if it is on our side of the road.


Approaching a minor road from a major road to turn right

This is similar to above, but remember that you need to check centre and right mirrors.  Be careful of traffic overtaking on the right and signal your intention if its safe to do so.

Position as close the the centre line as is safe.  This allows traffic behind to pass on the left and confirms the signal is correct too.

The speed we approach at not just depends on the factors highlighted above for turning left but also on oncoming traffic that we have to cross.  Perhaps slowing down on the approach will oncoming traffic to pass and avoid the need to stop.  Whether we use 1st or 2nd gear will depend on this too.

Remember to look into the road before turning in.  Ensuring you can see it is safe will also help you avoid turning early and cutting the corner.  If there are hazards on your side of the road in the minor road, ensure you don't use the right hand side without checking it is safe to do so.  Click here for protected right turn


Approaching a major road from a minor road to turn left or right

The same MSPSL routing applies as above but we have to now assess the end of the road and how we are going to safely join the major road.  This will depend on how much we can see.....

A closed junction is one where visibility is poor and requires a slow approach in 1st gear.  It may be difficult to see because of parked cars or hight buildings and using the clutch to edge forward is necessary.

An open junction is where we can see that it is safe to proceed before we arrive at the end of the road and therefore we may be able to adjust our speed and emerge in 2nd gear or 1st gear into a suitable gap.  Its important here to remember that the car behind may also be doing the same so braking hard at the end when a gap is clear can be dangerous.  Ensure that adjustment of speed is predictable.

When turning left at the end of a road, remember to look right first but we must look both ways to follow the road to the left and also to ensure that it is clear to the left.


If the junction is uphill, it may be beneficial to select first slightly earlier to ensure that we can find biting point before the car stops.  This allows us to edge forward without stopping unnecessarily and requiring the handbrake.  If we stop, using the handbrake will however make things easier and allow us to progress quicker than trying to avoid using it.


If the junction is not a give way but a stop line, then we must stop no matter how much of a gap we think we have.

OpenJunction Turn left to minor road ClosedJunction StopLine WrongSideEmerge TurnRightMinor

Images below from Google Earth